Helping L Drivers

Compulsory Basic Training (CBT)


Learner motorcycle and moped riders must take compulsory basic training (CBT) before riding on the road. They then have to pass the full motorcycle test within two years or take CBT again.

CBT does not have to be taken by riders who:

  • Have a full moped licence from passing a full moped test after 1 December 1990
  • Passed their car driving test before 1 February 2001 and their moped has a maximum engine size of 50cc and a maximum speed of approximately 31mph
  • Have a full motorcycle licence for one category and want to upgrade to another
  • Live and ride on some offshore islands

However, CBT and moped training is still strongly recommended.

CBT courses are run by approved training bodies (ATBs). Use the online tool at It is also worth speaking to other riders as they may be able to recommend a good one.

There are five sections to Compulsory Basic Training:

  1. Introduction and eyesight check
  2. Practical on-site training
  3. Practical on-site riding
  4. Practical on-road training
  5. Practical on-road riding

The learner moves from one section to the next one when the instructor is satisfied that they have learnt the necessary theory and demonstrated the practical skills to a safe basic level.

On passing CBT, the learner rider is given a certificate of completion, called a DL196. This lets them ride a moped or a motorbike up to 125cc on the road with L plates (L or D plates in Wales) for two years. They must pass the full motorcycle test within two years or they will need to complete CBT again.

The certificate of completion (DL196) is a legal document, which proves the learner's right to ride on the road as a provisional rider. If they lose it, ask their approved training body for a replacement.

Full details of the CBT rules can be found at